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Understand the Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia and Its Treatment

Updated: Jun 27

The passing of comedian Babe Cabita on April 9, 2024 at a hospital in Jakarta shocked the entertainment world. He had Aplastic Anemia and was advised to seek treatment in Singapore and Malaysia. What is aplastic anemia? Can it be prevented? Here is a brief review of aplastic anemia, a disease that Babe Cabita had before he died.

Aplastic anemia is a rare condition that affects the bone marrow, where blood cells are made. This disease makes the bone marrow produce too few red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. This can cause tiredness, infections, and bleeding. Let's look at the symptoms, causes, and treatment of this disease.

What are the symptoms of aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia symptoms can be mild or severe and develop gradually or suddenly. People with aplastic anemia may have these symptoms:

  1. Feeling tired all the time. Patients often feel tired even after resting.

  2. Recurrent infections: Because of the low white blood cell count, people with this disease are more likely to get infections that keep coming back.

  3. Bleeding problems: The disease can cause bleeding, including nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or bruising.

Causes of aplastic anemia

The cause of aplastic anemia is not always clear. Some factors that could contribute include:

  1. Autoimmune: The immune system attacks the bone marrow, stopping blood cell formation.

  2. Toxic substances can cause aplastic anemia.

  3. Viral infections can also cause it. Some viruses, like Epstein-Barr and hepatitis, can cause aplastic anemia.

What are the treatments for aplastic anemia

Aplastic anemia treatment aims to boost bone marrow blood cell production. Some treatments for aplastic anemia include:

  1. Bone marrow transplant: For severe cases, a bone marrow transplant from a matched donor may help improve bone marrow function.

  2. Immunosuppressive therapy: Drugs that suppress the immune system can stop the attack on the bone marrow.

  3. Blood transfusions: Blood transfusions can help with anemia and easy bleeding.

  4. Supportive treatment: Supportive care may include antibiotics to prevent infection and drugs to boost white blood cells.

Aplastic anemia is a serious condition that needs immediate medical attention. With the right treatment, many people can manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. If you or someone you know has these symptoms, see a K-LAB doctor right away. They can diagnose and treat you quickly.

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