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What is Autoimmune? And How Do We Know If We Have an Autoimmune Disease

Updated: Jun 27


A number of Indonesian artists are known to have autoimmune diseases. Even though they look healthy, it turns out that autoimmune diseases are lodged in their bodies. One of them is an artist who is rumored to have an autoimmune disease, Ashanty. Ashanty shared her story where she often experiences symptoms of the disease such as headaches, anxiety, stress and forgetfulness. She also underwent tests and treatment at the hospital.


Autoimmune disease is a condition in which the immune system attacks healthy tissues in the body. It is a type of disease that is often difficult to diagnose because the symptoms can be varied and similar to other diseases. However, understanding what autoimmunity is and how to recognize its symptoms can help in detecting and managing the condition.


What is autoimmune?


Autoimmunity occurs when the immune system, which is supposed to protect the body from infection and disease, mistakenly identifies healthy cells in the body as a threat and attacks them. As a result, the immune system damages tissues and organs, causing a wide range of autoimmune diseases.


What are the symptoms of autoimmune diseases


Symptoms of autoimmune diseases can vary depending on the type of disease and the organ affected. Some common symptoms that people with autoimmune diseases may experience include


  1. Excessive fatigue: Excessive or persistent fatigue may be a sign of an autoimmune disease.

  2. Joint and muscle pain: Inflammation of the joints and muscles is common in many types of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

  3. Digestive System Disorders: Symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and other digestive problems can occur with some autoimmune diseases, such as celiac disease.

  4. Skin disorders: Rashes, red patches, or other skin changes may be a sign of autoimmune diseases such as lupus.



How do we know if we have an autoimmune disease?


Autoimmune diseases can be hard to diagnose because their symptoms are often similar to other diseases. But there are ways to find out if someone has an autoimmune disease.


  1. See a doctor. If you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, see a doctor.

  2. Blood tests. Blood tests can show if you have antibodies or signs of inflammation that may mean you have an autoimmune disease.

  3. Your doctor may also refer you for tests like imaging or biopsies to get a clearer picture of your condition.

  4. Keep a record of your symptoms to help your doctor make a diagnosis.


Autoimmune diseases affect millions of people worldwide. With a better understanding of autoimmune diseases, we can take better care of our health and detect problems more quickly. If you have any health concerns, consult a K-Lab doctor and get screened.


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